A neuropsychological evaluation consists of a thorough diagnostic interview with the patient, a review of the medical record, and administration of tests to measure brain function. Such exams make up a critical component of care for many patients with neurological symptoms and disorders. The results of neuropsychological assessments can help clarify a diagnosis, guide a doctor in determining the most appropriate treatment, evaluate how a disease or disorder is progressing, and assess a patient's recovery.
Unlike imaging exams, such as CT or MRI (which show changes in the structure of the brain) or electroencephalography (EEG, which can identify electrical abnormalities in the brain), a neuropsychological assessment examines how well the brain is working based on an individual's responses to or pattern of responses on formal tests of cognitive functioning, such as measures of memory, attention, perception, and problem-solving.
The Weill Cornell Neuropsychology Service is an outpatient program of the Department of Neurology. Our staff members are highly experienced in the evaluation of patients with a wide variety of neurologic disorders affecting cognition (thought processes). Neuropsychological evaluations can be useful following a concussion, serious brain trauma, stroke, or other neurologic injury, or when there is a suspicion of a neurodegenerative disorder such as Alzheimer's disease or another type of dementia.