|Title||Brachial plexopathy as a complication of COVID-19.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2021|
|Authors||Han CYoung, Tarr AM, Gewirtz AN, Kaunzner UW, Roy-Burman P, Cutler TS, MacGowan DJl|
|Journal||BMJ Case Rep|
|Date Published||2021 Mar 25|
COVID-19 affects a wide spectrum of organ systems. We report a 52-year-old man with hypertension and newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus who presented with hypoxic respiratory failure due to COVID-19 and developed severe brachial plexopathy. He was not treated with prone positioning respiratory therapy. Associated with the flaccid, painfully numb left upper extremity was a livedoid, purpuric rash on his left hand and forearm consistent with COVID-19-induced microangiopathy. Neuroimaging and electrophysiological data were consistent with near diffuse left brachial plexitis with selective sparing of axillary, suprascapular and pectoral fascicles. Given his microangiopathic rash, elevated D-dimers and paucifascicular plexopathy, we postulate a patchy microvascular thrombotic plexopathy. Providers should be aware of this significant and potentially under-recognised neurologic complication of COVID-19.
|Alternate Journal||BMJ Case Rep|