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Brachial plexopathy as a complication of COVID-19.

TitleBrachial plexopathy as a complication of COVID-19.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsHan CYoung, Tarr AM, Gewirtz AN, Kaunzner UW, Roy-Burman P, Cutler TS, MacGowan DJl
JournalBMJ Case Rep
Volume14
Issue3
Date Published2021 Mar 25
ISSN1757-790X
Abstract

COVID-19 affects a wide spectrum of organ systems. We report a 52-year-old man with hypertension and newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus who presented with hypoxic respiratory failure due to COVID-19 and developed severe brachial plexopathy. He was not treated with prone positioning respiratory therapy. Associated with the flaccid, painfully numb left upper extremity was a livedoid, purpuric rash on his left hand and forearm consistent with COVID-19-induced microangiopathy. Neuroimaging and electrophysiological data were consistent with near diffuse left brachial plexitis with selective sparing of axillary, suprascapular and pectoral fascicles. Given his microangiopathic rash, elevated D-dimers and paucifascicular plexopathy, we postulate a patchy microvascular thrombotic plexopathy. Providers should be aware of this significant and potentially under-recognised neurologic complication of COVID-19.

DOI10.1136/bcr-2020-237459
Alternate JournalBMJ Case Rep
PubMed ID33766961

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