|Title||Comparative Risks of Ischemic Stroke in Atrial Flutter versus Atrial Fibrillation.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Al-Kawaz M, Omran SS, Parikh NS, Elkind MSV, Soliman EZ, Kamel H|
|Journal||J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis|
|Date Published||2018 Apr|
|Keywords||Administrative Claims, Healthcare, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Atrial Fibrillation, Atrial Flutter, Brain Ischemia, Chi-Square Distribution, Databases, Factual, Female, Humans, Incidence, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Male, Medicare, Prognosis, Proportional Hazards Models, Retrospective Studies, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, Stroke, Time Factors, United States|
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the risk of ischemic stroke in patients who have atrial fibrillation and patients who have atrial flutter.
METHODS: Using inpatient and outpatient Medicare claims data from 2008 to 2014 for a 5% sample of all beneficiaries 66 years of age or older, we identified patients diagnosed with atrial fibrillation and those diagnosed with atrial flutter. The primary outcome was ischemic stroke. In the primary analysis, patients with atrial flutter were censored upon converting to fibrillation; in a secondary analysis, they were not. Survival statistics were used to compare incidence of stroke in patients with flutter and patients with fibrillation. Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to compare the associations of flutter and fibrillation with ischemic stroke after adjustment for demographics and risk factors.
RESULTS: We identified 14,953 patients with flutter and 318,138 with fibrillation. During a mean follow-up period of 2.8 (±2.3) years, we identified 18,900 ischemic strokes. The annual incidence of ischemic stroke in patients with flutter was 1.38% (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.22%-1.57%) compared with 2.02% (95% CI 1.99%-2.05%) in patients with fibrillation. After adjustment for demographics and stroke risk factors, flutter was associated with a lower risk of stroke compared with fibrillation (hazard ratio .69; 95% CI .60-.79, P < .05). Within 1 year, 65.7% (95% CI 64.9%-66.4%) of patients with flutter converted to fibrillation but remained at a lower risk of ischemic stroke (hazard ratio .85; 95% CI .78-.92).
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with atrial flutter faced a lower risk of ischemic stroke than patients with atrial fibrillation.
|Alternate Journal||J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis|