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Development of a Non-invasive Device for Swallow Screening in Patients at Risk of Oropharyngeal Dysphagia: Results from a Prospective Exploratory Study.

TitleDevelopment of a Non-invasive Device for Swallow Screening in Patients at Risk of Oropharyngeal Dysphagia: Results from a Prospective Exploratory Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsSteele CM, Mukherjee R, Kortelainen JM, Pölönen H, Jedwab M, Brady SL, Theimer KBrinkman, Langmore S, Riquelme LF, Swigert NB, Bath PM, Goldstein LB, Hughes RL, Leifer D, Lees KR, Meretoja A, Muehlemann N
JournalDysphagia
Volume34
Issue5
Pagination698-707
Date Published2019 10
ISSN1432-0460
KeywordsAccelerometry, Aged, Algorithms, Cineradiography, Deglutition, Deglutition Disorders, Discriminant Analysis, Female, Geriatric Assessment, Humans, Male, Mass Screening, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Sensitivity and Specificity, Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
Abstract

Oropharyngeal dysphagia is prevalent in several at-risk populations, including post-stroke patients, patients in intensive care and the elderly. Dysphagia contributes to longer hospital stays and poor outcomes, including pneumonia. Early identification of dysphagia is recommended as part of the evaluation of at-risk patients, but available bedside screening tools perform inconsistently. In this study, we developed algorithms to detect swallowing impairment using a novel accelerometer-based dysphagia detection system (DDS). A sample of 344 individuals was enrolled across seven sites in the United States. Dual-axis accelerometry signals were collected prospectively with simultaneous videofluoroscopy (VFSS) during swallows of liquid barium stimuli in thin, mildly, moderately and extremely thick consistencies. Signal processing classifiers were trained using linear discriminant analysis and 10,000 random training-test data splits. The primary objective was to develop an algorithm to detect impaired swallowing safety with thin liquids with an area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) > 80% compared to the VFSS reference standard. Impaired swallowing safety was identified in 7.2% of the thin liquid boluses collected. At least one unsafe thin liquid bolus was found in 19.7% of participants, but participants did not exhibit impaired safety consistently. The DDS classifier algorithms identified participants with impaired thin liquid swallowing safety with a mean AUC of 81.5%, (sensitivity 90.4%, specificity 60.0%). Thicker consistencies were effective for reducing the frequency of penetration-aspiration. This DDS reached targeted performance goals in detecting impaired swallowing safety with thin liquids. Simultaneous measures by DDS and VFSS, as performed here, will be used for future validation studies.

DOI10.1007/s00455-018-09974-5
Alternate JournalDysphagia
PubMed ID30612234
PubMed Central IDPMC6717605

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