An Integrative Review of Nonpharmacological Interventions to Improve Sleep among Adults with Advanced Serious Illness.

TitleAn Integrative Review of Nonpharmacological Interventions to Improve Sleep among Adults with Advanced Serious Illness.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsCapezuti E, Zadeh RSagha, Woody N, Basara A, Krieger AC
JournalJ Palliat Med
Date Published2018 05
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Behavior Therapy, Chronic Disease, Complementary Therapies, Exercise Therapy, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Practice Guidelines as Topic, Sleep Wake Disorders

BACKGROUND: Sleep fragmentation is common among those with advanced serious illness. Nonpharmacological interventions to improve sleep have few, if any, adverse effects and are often underutilized in these settings.

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to summarize the literature related to nonpharmacological interventions to improve sleep among adults with advanced serious illness.

METHODS: We systematically searched six electronic databases for literature reporting sleep outcomes associated with nonpharmacological interventions that included participants with advanced serious illness during the period of 1996-2016.

RESULTS: From a total of 2731 results, 42 studies met the inclusion criteria. A total of 31 individual interventions were identified, each evaluated individually and some in combination with other interventions. Twelve of these studies employed either multiple interventions within an intervention category (nā€‰=ā€‰8) or a multicomponent intervention consisting of interventions from two or more categories (nā€‰=ā€‰5). The following intervention categories emerged: sleep hygiene (1), environmental (6), physical activity (4), complementary health practices (11), and mind-body practices (13). Of the 42 studies, 22 demonstrated a statistically significant, positive impact on sleep and represented each of the categories. The quality of the studies varied considerably, with 17 studies classified as strong, 17 as moderate, and 8 as weak.

CONCLUSIONS: Several interventions have been demonstrated to improve sleep in these patients. However, the small number of studies and wide variation of individual interventions within each category limit the generalizability of findings. Further studies are needed to assess interventions and determine effectiveness and acceptability.

Alternate JournalJ Palliat Med
PubMed ID29337603
PubMed Central IDPMC6909694
Grant ListP30 AG022845 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States

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