Leptomeningeal metastases in glioma: The Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center experience.

TitleLeptomeningeal metastases in glioma: The Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center experience.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsAndersen BM, Miranda C, Hatzoglou V, DeAngelis LM, Miller AM
Date Published2019 05 21
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Astrocytoma, Brain Neoplasms, Female, Glioblastoma, Glioma, Humans, Incidence, Male, Meningeal Neoplasms, Middle Aged, Oligodendroglioma, Prognosis, Retrospective Studies, Survival Rate, Young Adult

OBJECTIVE: To perform a retrospective analysis examining the incidence and prognosis of glioma patients with leptomeningeal disease (LMD) at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center over a 15-year period and correlate these findings with clinicopathologic characteristics.

METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of glioma patients with LMD at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center diagnosed from 2001 to 2016. Patients were identified through a keyword search of their electronic medical record and by ICD-9 codes.

RESULTS: One hundred three patients were identified with disseminated LMD and 85 patients with subependymal spread of disease, 4.7% of all patients with glioma. These cohorts were analyzed separately for time to development of disseminated LMD/subependymal LMD, median overall survival, and survival from LMD diagnosis. Patients were pooled for subsequent analyses (n = 188) because of comparable clinical behavior. LMD was present at glioma diagnosis in 10% of patients. In the remaining 90% of patients diagnosed at recurrence, time to LMD diagnosis, survival after LMD diagnosis, and overall survival varied by original histology. Patients with oligodendroglioma had a median survival of 10.8 (range 1.8-67.7) months, astrocytoma 6.5 (0.1-28.5) months, and glioblastoma 3.8 (0.1-32.6) months after LMD diagnosis. In addition, we found that treatment of LMD was associated with superior performance status and increased survival.

CONCLUSION: Patients with LMD diagnosed at relapse may not have decreased overall survival as compared to historical controls with parenchymal relapse and may benefit from treatment.

Alternate JournalNeurology
PubMed ID31019097
PubMed Central IDPMC6541431
Grant ListP30 CA008748 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States

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