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Peripheral neurological complications during COVID-19: A single center experience.

TitlePeripheral neurological complications during COVID-19: A single center experience.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsMichaelson N, Malhotra A, Wang Z, Heier L, Tanji K, Wolfe S, Gupta A, MacGowan D
JournalJ Neurol Sci
Volume434
Pagination120118
Date Published2021 Dec 23
ISSN1878-5883
Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We highlight the peripheral neurologic complications of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), an ongoing global health emergency.

METHODS: We evaluated twenty-five patients admitted to the COVID-19 Recovery Unit (CRU) at New York-Presbyterian Weill Cornell University Medical Center after intensive care hospitalization with confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), whom neurology was consulted for weakness and/or paresthesias. All patients were clinically evaluated by a neuromuscular neurologist who performed electrodiagnostic (EDX) studies when indicated. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the affected regions, along with nerve and muscle biopsies were obtained in select patients to better elucidate the underlying diagnosis.

RESULTS: We found fourteen out of twenty-five patients with prolonged hospitalization for COVID-19 infection to have peripheral neurological complications, identified as plexopathies, peripheral neuropathies and entrapment neuropathies. The other eleven patients were not found to have peripheral neurologic causes for their symptoms. Patients with peripheral neurological complications often exhibited more than one type of concurrently. Specifically, there were four cases of plexopathies, nine cases of entrapment neuropathies, and six cases of peripheral neuropathies, which included cranial neuropathy, sciatic neuropathy, and multiple mononeuropathies.

CONCLUSIONS: We explore the possibility that the idiopathic peripheral neurologic complications could be manifestations of the COVID-19 disease spectrum, possibly resulting from micro-thrombotic induced nerve ischemia.

DOI10.1016/j.jns.2021.120118
Alternate JournalJ Neurol Sci
PubMed ID34971857

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