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Smoking-cessation pharmacotherapy for patients with stroke and TIA: Systematic review.

TitleSmoking-cessation pharmacotherapy for patients with stroke and TIA: Systematic review.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsParikh NS, Omran SSalehi, Kamel H, Elkind MSV, Willey JZ
JournalJ Clin Neurosci
Date Published2020 Apr 22
ISSN1532-2653
Abstract

Data regarding the efficacy and safety of smoking-cessation pharmacotherapy after stroke are lacking. We systematically reviewed data on this topic by searching Medline, Cochrane, and Clinicaltrials.gov to identify randomized clinical trials (RCT) and observational studies that assessed the efficacy and safety of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), varenicline, and bupropion in patients with stroke and TIA. We included studies that reported rates of smoking cessation, worsening or recurrent cerebrovascular disease, seizures, or neuropsychiatric events. We identified 2 RCTs and 6 observational studies; 3 included ischemic stroke and TIA, 2 subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and 3 did not specify. Four studies assessed efficacy; cessation rates ranged from 33% to 66% with pharmacological therapy combined with behavioral interventions versus 15% to 46% without, but no individual study demonstrated a statistically significant benefit. Safety data for varenicline and buopropion in ischemic stroke were scarce. Patients with SAH who received NRT had more seizures (9% vs 2%; P = 0.024) and delirium (19% vs 7%; P = 0.006) in one study, but less frequent vasospasm in 3 studies. In conclusion, combined with behavioral interventions, smoking-cessation therapies resulted in numerically higher cessation rates. Limited safety data may prompt caution regarding seizures and delirium in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage.

DOI10.1016/j.jocn.2020.04.026
Alternate JournalJ Clin Neurosci
PubMed ID32334957

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